اشتباهات رایج در زبان انگلیسی – بخش اول
برای درک بهتر اشتباهات گرامری زبان آموزان میتوانید همزمان با مطالعه مطالب به
فایل صوتی در زیر که حاوی توضیحلت تکمیلی میباشد گوش کنید.
Basic mistakes to avoid part 1
Don’t say/ write
|Look- it’s raining||
1. Look – it rains
It often rains here
2. It’s often raining here.
|When I was 20 I smoked.||3. When I was 20 I was smoking.|
|I saw Luis yesterday.||4. I have seen Luis yesterday.|
We have been living here since April.
5. We are living here since April
- To talk about ongoing activities which are happening at the moment of speaking, we use present continuous. Tobe +(v) ing
- When we talk about permanent situations, or about things that happen regularly or all the time (not just around now), we usually use the simple present. Examples:
My parents live near Dover.
I go to London about three times a week.
She works three hours a day.
I, you, we, they + base form of the verb
He, she, it + (v)+ s or es
- The past progressive is not the normal tense for talking about repeated or habitual past actions. The simple past is usually used with this meaning. Example:
I rang the bell six times. (NOT I was ringing the bell six times.)
When I was a child we made our own amusements. (NOT …we were making our own amusements.)
However, the past progressive is possible if the repeated actions form a ‘background’ for the main action.
At the time when it happened, I was travelling to New York a lot.
- To talk about completed actions in the past use past simple and not present perfect.
- We use present perfect to say how long a situation or action has continued up to now. Compare:
- It’s raining
It has been raining since Christmas. (NOT it’s raining since Christmas)
- Are you learning English?
How long have you been learning English? (NOT how long are you learning?)